This study aimed to compare changes of blood pressure during bicycle ergometer exercise with gradually increasing and decreasing workloads. Blood pressure was measured with two different noninvasive continuous blood pressure monitoring devices: the PORTAPRES (Finapres Medical Systems), which uses the volume-compensation method, and the Radia press RBP-100 (KANDS), which uses variations in blood hemoglobin. Subjects were 12 males (age 19.9 ± 1.4 years, height 171.2 ± 4.8 cm, and body weight 65.1 ± 6.1 kg). Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) measured by both devices during rest were not significantly different. The outlier rate of continuous blood pressure values was less when measured by the PORTAPRES than by the Radia press RBP-100.
In conclusion, the error of SBP measured by the Radia press RBP-100 tended to increase with gradually increasing workload due to increased blood flow during exercise. The SBP measured by both devices tended to decrease during exercise with gradually decreasing workload, after gradually increasing workload, but the error of SBP measured by the Radia press RBP-100 during increasing workload may be difficult to correct.
The purpose of this study is to examine students' opinions of seven elements (motivation, enjoyment, teamwork, keeping promises, learning, cooperation, outcomes) of physical education based on their participation in school athletic clubs and gender. The study used data from 1423 students, of whom 887 (562 male and 325 female students) were athletes in junior high and high schools and 536 (158 male and 378 female students) did not attend sports athletic clubs in school.
In the physical education class, it became clear that female students placed more importance on keeping promises than male students. The group of student athletes placed more importance on motivation and enjoyment than the group of students not participating in sports athletic clubs. In particular, in the high school athletes group, learning scored high with male students as did the importance of teamwork and cooperation. The group of female students not participating in sports athletic clubs placed more importance on composition factors, such as teamwork and cooperation, than male students. However, a significant difference was not found between gender and participation in athletic clubs with regard to the factors of keeping promises and outcomes.
Based on the above findings, students' opinions of the components of a physical education class differ based on participation in athletic clubs and gender.
The purpose of this study was to investigate about the relationship between self-rated health and the body fat percentage in adult women. The data were obtained from 301 women ages 20-80 years old who participated in a course on dieting from June 2008 to January 2009 and their body compositions were measured using bioelectrical impedance method. For the health-related QOL, the deviation score (50 as a standard value, 10 as standard deviation) was calculated using the Short Form-36 (SF-36). We examined the relationship between the scores and the body fat percentages. We also investigated the estimate of the healthy value of the body fat percentage.
The main results were summarized as follows;
?The results suggested that the fat in the trunk of body was the important factor on the evaluated the body from a point of view on body fat percentage.
?In the group with standard body fat percentage, self-rated health was higher than the other group.
?The results suggested that healthy value of the body fat percentage was about 21%. Continued research in this area should be considered.
This study was aimed at evaluating the awareness of the relationship of health and exercise and the actual daily habits of Korean high school students. The research subjects were 386 male and 233 female second-year high school students. The survey consisted of 39 questions related to their awareness of health and exercise and their daily life habits as well as 10 questions related to encouraging physical activity. A five point scale system was used ranging from 1 point (least desirable) to 5 points (most desirable). The questions related to health and exercise tended to achieve higher scores, whereas questions related to actual physical activities tended to have lower scores. Questions related to the effectiveness of regular meals, cessation of smoking and no drinking and how they are related to health issues achieved relatively high scores. Male students displayed higher scores than female students on most questions. However, on questions that associated low activity levels and weight problems, female students achieved higher scores. High school students put low emphasis on physical activities, although they have a high-level awareness of the association of health and exercise. Interestingly, female students displayed a higher interest level in associating low physical activity and weight problems.
In this study Fujii established a system to evaluate delayed menarche in female athletes, then, the delayed menarche evaluation chart was applied to general female high school students, and the delayed menarche and the exercise status was investigated in detail. The menstruation status after menarche was also analyzed. The control group consisted of 209 girls from Tokai region who had little experience of regular training. A further 106 general high school girls from the same region were selected. The girls completed a questionnaire survey on age at menarche and exercise status. The general high school girls were also surveyed with regard to menstrual status after menarche. The health examination records of these girls were examined, and longitudinal measurements of height and weight were obtained. As the results, the number of general high school girls judged to have delayed menarche was found to be greater than usual, and it was found that the girls judged to have delayed menarche had in fact participated in regular exercise around the time of menarche. This suggests the possibility that delayed menarche is induced by the physical and mental stress of regular exercise. It was also found that more than half of girls judged to have delayed menarche have experienced menstrual irregularity or dysmenorrhea. This is the first study to obtain such findings, which suggest that the occurrence of delayed menarche may lead to menstrual abnormality. Therefore, if there is strong physical and mental stress around the time of menarche, delayed menarche may develop into menstrual disorders and trigger physiological risk in girls. Sufficient awareness of this possibility is needed in education.
This study was conducted to investigate growth and development of physique and motor fitness in junior sports athletes by applying the polynomial to age. A total of 322 junior athletes （179 boys and 143 girls aged 5-15 years） performed 3 physique measures and 6 motor fitness test. Measuring items of physique were body height, body weight and body fat. Lean body mass was calculated from body weight and body fat. Motor fitness tests were 20 m dash, Pro Agility test, vertical jump, standing long jump, side step and rebound jump index. Polynomial set up age between 8 years to 13 years as horizontal axis was applied to significant statistics to gain results for the analysis of variance and the age at maximum peak velocity （MPV） and local peak velocity （LPV） was derived from the velocity curve. There was clear association with age at MPV or LPV of between body height, lean body mass, standing long jump and side step in boys and between body height and all of motor fitness items in girls. These results suggest that speed, explosive power and agility increases in accordance with the onset of the body height spurt both sexes in junior sports athletes.
The human basic movement of everything is standing by the sole of the foot, it is important factor to keep the well-balanced posture and move myself. In childhood, it is a crucial time to walk myself, and especially their foot’s a skeleton and body. They develop the contact surface of foot sole and the arch of a foot while man develops walking myself. However, there are man who develop slow the formation the contact surface of foot sole and make rear center of gravity in young children and students of elementary school. There were the relationship between the contact surface of foot sole and physical fitness/motor ability for student’s of elementary school 10-20 years ago. But they have been changing life style recently, it have not been reporting. The purpose of this study was to examine the formation of the contact surface of foot and physical fitness/motor ability in young children (n=216, 124boys, 92girls) and student’s of elementary school (n=569, 1-6th grade, 279boys, 290girls).
As a result, it was relationship between the formation of the contact surface of foot sole and physical fitness/motor ability in a child under school age. A flat-footed wasn’t motor ability, and tended to be a good Kaup’s index. It was suggested that it is important to measure the formation of the contact surface of foot sole and the arch of a foot in childhood.
In order to examine the contents of information given to them, I made a survey on the on the relation between the diet QOL of the mothers who have kindergarten children (assured meal time, a feeling of satisfaction of diet, a joy of diet and a skill in cooking) and the dietary behavior patterns of the children and their mothers.
The survey was made on 563 mothers who had 5 to 6 year-old children attending kindergartens in Suzuka city, Mie prefecture.
The results of our study are as follows: In the group that showed higher diet QOL, the mothers’ dietary behavior patterns are better and they are morn health –oriented , which makes it easier to get information from those mothers.
They obtained 20% of the information on the internet or from their friends, but from the kindergartens, only 5.6%.
In the group of higher diet QOL, more children were willing to arrange table ware or clear the table than those in the group of lower diet QOL.
Thus, it is suggested that a managing dietician should support the kindergarten staff so that they can aim to improve “mothers’ diet QOL” and provide the mothers with more helpful information as part of their dietary education.
Purpose. This study is to examine process of the elderly understanding of the nursing students by the interview for the life history of the elderly.
Method. We analyze object of an interview record of 20 nursing college students. Qualitative unification method was used for the statistical analysis.
Findings. As for context unit 261, the total record unit number of descriptions was 444. 10 categories were formed by 40 subcategories. 10 categories formed 4 domain. We found two orientation toward understanding of the elderly. There were flows and interaction from the past to the future.
Conclusion. There was an opportunity to think about the life of students themselves by looking back on the life history of the elderly together. It is necessary to learn understanding of the life history of the elderly by the nursing education. It is suggested that the establishment of trainings or educational programs.